Situated in the far southwest of Languedoc, Limoux experiences a more Atlantic climate than Mediterranean. This allows it to produce sparkling wines as well as utilize more international grapes. Predominantly white, these wines can be still or sparkling. For either the sparkling or still white wine, the grapes involved are Mauzac, Chenin and Chardonnay. For both Blanquette (primarily Mauzac) and Crémant wines (with a higher percentage of Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay), the second fermentation takes place in the bottle and there is historic evidence that this practice originated in Limoux (in 1531) before it was known in Champagne. Crémant rosé is produced by adding 10% Pinot Noir. Some still red wines are produced, and there is a third category of sparkling wine (Blanquette Methode Ancestrale).
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